Prof Mark Wheeler
Professor in Political Communications at London Metropolitan University.
He is the author of Celebrity Politics: Image and Identities in Modern Political Communications (Cambridge: Polity. 2013).
Section 7: Popular Culture
- After Milibrand: Russell Brand and the politics of celebrity politics
- Celebrity interventions in the election campaign and party affiliation
- Legitimacy and the celebrity single-issue candidate
- #RegisterToVote: picturing democratic rights and responsibilities on Twitter
- It’s the neutrosemy, stupid!: fans, texts and partisanship in the 2015 General Election
- Britain’s Got Tories: Yank scholar on U.K. lifestyle politics
- The ‘most unlikely’ or ‘most deserved cult’: citizen-fans and the authenticity of Milifandom
Celebrity politics have become common-place in UK elections. In 2015, the Labour Party secured the endorsements of Eddie Izzard and Ben Elton who appeared with Coronation Street actress Sally Lindsay at a rally in Warrington. Izzard campaigned in over fifty constituencies and was confronted by Scottish Nationalist Party (SNP) activists with the ‘Scot Lab’ leader Jim Murphy. Ed Miliband also received the backing of Stephen Hawking, Paul O’Grady, Sir Ian McKellan, Matthew Horne, Robert Webb, Charlotte Church and Delia Smith. The former Eastenders star Ross Kemp canvassed his home constituency of Ilford North, while Steve Coogan spoke in targeted marginals including Bermondsey and Old Southwark and Hornsey and Wood Green.
, and starred in Labour Party Election Broadcasts (PEB) concerning fairness and the National Health Service (NHS). Moreover, The Hobbit’s Martin Freeman appeared in the party’s (with a voice-over by David Tennant) to promote social justice. However, Freeman received the approbation of the right-wing media due to his affiliation with Arthur Scargill’s Socialist Labour Party and his son’s private education. In tandem, the Scottish actor Brian Cox transferred his support to the SNP.
it appears that the British public remains equivocal in its judgment upon the worth of such a mobilization of celebrity supporters
Such difficulties meant that the Conservative Party shied away from celebrity endorsers. In 2010 it had trumpeted Sir Michael Caine and Gary Barlow (who was later castigated as a tax dodger) as supporters. Conversely, in 2015, with the exception of Andrew Lloyd Webber, Simon Cowell and Sol Campbell, the party’s endorsements remained limited.
2Moreover, when The Sun columnist Katie Hopkins that if the Labour Party won she would leave the country, some argued that her intervention would be a vote winner for Miliband. In the event, she may well have been more attuned with public opinion.
Sir David Attenborough, Joanna Lumley and Billy Bragg were among forty signatories who called for the re-election of the Green Party’s Caroline Lucas while avoiding any endorsement of the party. To demonstrate that she had no partisan bias, Lumley backed the Liberal Democrat MP Lynne Beaumont with whom she had worked with in the Gurkha Justice Campaign. that the Liberal Democrat Party leader Nick Clegg enlisted John Cleese to play a version of the United Kingdom Independence Party’s (UKIP) Nigel Farage in TV debate rehearsals. However, Colin Firth and Daniel Radcliffe turned their backs on the Lib-Dems.
Well-known black figures including Campbell, the actor David Harewood, the musician Tinie Tempah and the television presenter Ade Adepitan ‘whited up’ for . Additionally, Harewood appealing for minorities to register to vote. In tandem, Armando Iannucci, Michael Sheen and Christopher Eccleston supported public registration campaigns. The geneticist Richard Dawkins informed his 1.15 million Twitter followers that Liberal Democrats should vote tactically to form a ‘Left Coalition’, while Damon Albarn, Irving Welsh and Massive Attack signed an against Trident. Pop singer Will Young condemned the ‘First Past the Post’ electoral system.
Some celebrities facilitated a populist response to the parties’ leadership. The anti-corporate comedian Russell Brand, who had decried voting, on his YouTube channel The Trews with its 1,000,000 subscribers. The Labour leader spoke to Brand about the inequities of global capitalism, the protection of working rights, media owners and the lasting value of voting. When David Cameron castigated ‘Milibrand’ as a joke, the Labour strategists misguidedly hoped that Brand’s endorsement with his 9.5 million Twitter followers could provide a conduit to young, disengaged voters.
ITV signed up the reality television star Joey Essex to appear in a programme wherein he met the leaders (with the exception of Cameron) to give his ‘insights’ on the election. Having already shared a ‘selfie’ with Miliband ahead of the campaign, Essex met Clegg who he mistook for ‘Leg’ and called the leader of the ‘Liberal Democats’ while tweeting that Clegg was an ‘honest guy.’ Subsequently, in Grimsby harbour and described him as being ‘reem’ (cool). To protest against Farage in his failed bid to become MP for Thanet South, the comedian Al Murray stood as an independent candidate under the moniker of the ‘The Pub Landlord.’ Murray’s Free the United Kingdom Party’ (FUKP), with its outlandish manifesto written on the back of cigarette packet, was a play on Farage’s ‘ordinary bloke’ image.
The electorate’s consumption of celebrity campaign politics has grown due to the rise of ‘infotainment’ styles of news coverage and viral social media discourses. In the UK, this has meant that the parties gave some credence to celebrity engagements. However, despite the Labour Party’s celebrity endorsements, they had little impact on the electoral outcome. Consequently, it appears that the British public remains equivocal in its judgment upon the worth of such a mobilization of celebrity supporters.